Why Donate Cryptocurrency to Charity?
Cryptocurrency has increasingly become a popular means of donating to charities. While traditional methods like cash and checks remain widely used, donating cryptocurrency offers unique benefits. First, it can be a tax-efficient way of giving to charity. Second, it allows you to support causes that align with your values while simultaneously investing in cryptocurrency.
One of the most significant advantages of donating cryptocurrency to charity is the potential tax benefits. The IRS treats cryptocurrency donations as property donations, making them eligible for the same tax deductions as stock or other property donations. However, cryptocurrency donations can be especially advantageous compared to other donation types. Since the IRS considers cryptocurrency a capital asset, donations of appreciated cryptocurrency can provide a larger tax deduction than a similar cash donation.
Another benefit of donating cryptocurrency to charity is that it enables you to invest in causes you believe in while also investing in cryptocurrency. For those passionate about both investing and philanthropy, donating cryptocurrency can be an excellent way to merge these two interests. By donating cryptocurrency to a charity, you can support a cause you care about while also investing in a digital currency that may appreciate over time.
Crypto-Charity Tax Perks
Donating cryptocurrency to charity can provide several tax benefits for the donor. First, donating cryptocurrency enables the donor to avoid paying capital gains tax on the appreciated value of the digital currency. This is because, unlike selling cryptocurrency, donating it to a qualified charitable organization is not considered a taxable event by the IRS.
Moreover, donors may be eligible for a charitable contribution deduction on their tax returns for the full fair market value of the donated cryptocurrency at the time of the donation. This means that donors could potentially deduct the entire value of the donated digital currency from their taxable income, resulting in significant tax savings. Additionally, donating cryptocurrency can help donors reduce their overall taxable estate. Since the donated assets are no longer part of the donor's estate, they are not subject to estate tax.
Cryptocurrency – How to Report Charitable Donations
When donating cryptocurrency to a charity, you must report it on your tax return to claim the charitable contribution deduction. The process is like reporting traditional cash donations, but with a few additional steps.
First, obtain a receipt from the charity confirming the value of the donated cryptocurrency on the date of the donation. This receipt should include the charity's name, the date and amount of the donation, and a description of the property donated. Keep this receipt with your tax records.
Next, determine the fair market value of the donated cryptocurrency on the donation date. The fair market value is the price the cryptocurrency would sell for on the open market. You can use a cryptocurrency exchange or a reputable cryptocurrency pricing website to determine this value.
Once you have determined the fair market value of the donated cryptocurrency, report it on your tax return. For donations worth $5,000 or less, report it on Schedule A of your Form 1040 tax return. For donations worth more than $5,000, complete and file Form 8283, Noncash Charitable Contributions, in addition to Schedule A.
On Schedule A, report the total amount of cash and noncash charitable contributions made during the tax year. List the name and address of each charity, the date of the donation, and the fair market value of the cryptocurrency donated.
On Form 8283, provide more detailed information about the donated cryptocurrency, including the name and address of the charity, the date of the donation, the fair market value of the cryptocurrency on the donation date, and a description of the property donated. List the name and address of each charity, the date of the donation, and the fair market value of the cryptocurrency donated.
Reporting cryptocurrency donations to charity on your tax return can be complex; therefore, it's advisable to work with a qualified tax professional to ensure accurate reporting and maximize your tax benefits.
Charities Embracing Crypto Donations
As cryptocurrency becomes increasingly mainstream, a growing number of charities are accepting digital currency donations. This offers an additional avenue for crypto investors to support their favorite charitable causes while potentially reaping tax benefits.
Notable charities that accept cryptocurrency donations include:
The Water Project – A nonprofit organization providing clean water and sanitation solutions to communities in sub-Saharan Africa.
No Kid Hungry – A nonprofit organization committed to ending childhood hunger in America.
American Cancer Society – A nationwide voluntary health organization dedicated to eradicating cancer as a major health problem.
The American Red Cross – A humanitarian organization offering emergency assistance, disaster relief, and education within the United States.
United Way Worldwide – A nonprofit organization focused on improving education, income, and health for individuals and communities globally.
When donating cryptocurrency to these or other charities, it's crucial to follow proper tax reporting procedures to ensure you can claim any available deductions. Consult with a tax professional or utilize tax planning software to guarantee your donation is accurately reported on your tax return.
Crypto Tax-Loss Harvesting
Tax-loss harvesting is a strategy employed to minimize taxes by selling investments that have decreased in value, thus realizing capital losses. These losses can offset capital gains and even reduce taxable income. With cryptocurrency, tax-loss harvesting can be an effective method for reducing tax liabilities.
For instance, suppose you bought Bitcoin for $10,000, and its value has since dropped to $5,000. If you sell Bitcoin at its current value, you will realize a capital loss of $5,000. This loss can be used to offset any capital gains realized throughout the year. If your capital losses exceed gains, you can use up to $3,000 of the losses to reduce your taxable income. Any excess losses can be carried forward to future years.
One crucial consideration with tax-loss harvesting is the wash-sale rule. This rule stipulates that if you sell an investment for a loss and then repurchase it within 30 days, the loss will be disallowed for tax purposes. Therefore, if you plan on buying back a particular cryptocurrency, it's essential to wait at least 30 days before doing so to avoid violating the wash-sale rule.
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The material discussed on this page is meant for general illustration and/or informational purposes only and is not to be construed as investment, tax, or legal advice. You must exercise your own independent professional judgment, recognizing that advice should not be based on unreasonable factual or legal assumptions or unreasonably rely upon representations of the client or others. Further, any advice you provide in connection with tax return preparation must comply in full with the requirements of IRS Circular 230.